This may come as a shock, if you're moving fast enough. The shock being shock waves. A balloon's 'pop' is shock waves generated by exploded bits of the balloon moving faster than the speed of sound. Supersonic planes generate a much louder sonic 'boom,' also from shock waves. Farther out into the cosmos, a collapsing star generates shock waves from particles racing near the speed of light as the star goes supernova. Scientists are using supercomputers to get a better understanding of turbulent flows that interact with shock waves. This understanding could help develop supersonic and hypersonic aircraft, more efficient engine ignition, as well as probe the mysteries of supernova explosions, star formation, and more.
"We proposed a number of new ways in which shock turbulence interactions can be understood," said Diego Donzis, an associate professor in the Department of Aerospace Engineering at Texas A&M University. Donzis co-authored the study, "Shock-Turbulence Interactions at High Turbulence Intensities," published May of 2019 in the Journal of Fluid Mechanics. "We proposed that, instead of treating the shock as a discontinuity, one needs to account for its finite thickness as in real life which may be involved as a governing parameter in, for example, amplification factors," Donzis said. READ MORE (Science Daily)